Real Fire Case Studies


The following case studies involve insurance industry approved Kingspan ECOsafe PIR panel systems.
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Inghams Factory Fire case study image
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Poultry Processing Factory, Australia

A fire occurred at an Australian poultry processing premises, late on an afternoon in January 2010.The area involved in the fire included the loading dock, finished product chiller, tunnelling chiller and plant room, all of which were contained within one building structure, approximately 10 metres in height and with 3,000m2 floor area.

Conclusions:

  • The Kingspan insurer-certified PIR insulated panels suffered only minor damage from heat.
  • The significant heat created by the fire in adjacent non-Kingspan EPS panels caused distortion of steel structural building framework and melting of plastic pipes and fittings.
  • The Kingspan panels did not contribute to the fire in any way and provided firewall type shielding to a significant portion of the building to stop spread of the fire and protect specialised processing facilities from damage.

Learn more about this case study in the Not All Insulation is the Same Brochure


 
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Spider Transport fire case study image
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Spider Transport, Ireland

This fire took place in the early hours of the morning on 17th September 2008, outside the Spider Transport building which was used as a warehouse and distribution point, in Wicklow, Ireland.

Conclusions:
  • The integrity of the Kingspan insulated panels was maintained, even immediately above the up and over door where the bottom of the insulating core was exposed to flame impingement and suffered severe charring.
  • There were no signs of any spread of heat via the cores of the Kingspan insulated panels to any point within the building and no signs of spread within the cores of those panels.
  • There is no indication that the Kingspan insulated panels contributed to the heat damage caused by the fire.

Learn more about this case study in the Not All Insulation is the Same Brochure
 
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Audi Dealership_IPN wall_BE
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Audi Dealership, Belgium

The fire occurred in the external compound of a large Audi dealership – a deliberate act of arson.The car in the foreground is understood to be an Audi Q3 with other cars being of at least a similar make and model. Photograph 2 shows a sample of the PIR core material removed from the ECOsafe PIR core panel at the location of predicted peak incident radiative heat flux of 31.8kW/m2 . The photograph indicates that the PIR core had pyrolysed to a carbon char to a depth of about 40mm at this location. At locations remote from the area of peak incident radiative heat flux, the charring of the PIR core was significantly reduced, demonstrating that combustion had not been propagated by the PIR core material. The inside of the workshop showed no evidence of fire penetration in an area adjacent to the external fire attack.

Conclusions:
The PIR cored sandwich panels were subject to a fire likely to have lasted at least 15 minutes from ignition.
  • It is likely that the cladding will have been subjected to peak incident radiative heat flux of at least 31.8kW/m2 for a period of at least 10 minutes.
  • The sandwich panels exposed to these conditions sustained damage in terms of delamination of the exposed steel skin of the panels away from the PIR core, removal of the paint coating and pyrolysis of the PIR core material to a depth of approximately 40mm.
  • ​There was no evidence of fire propagation within the panels.
Learn more about this case study in the Not All Insulation is the Same Brochure
 

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