Over the last few weeks we’ve looked at what BIM is, how it can be achieved as well as how the Government is mandating the use of BIM up to level 2.
In this final post in the BIM for the Baffled series, we look at what the future is for BIM and how it is being adopted across the rest of the world.
Achieving Level 2 BIM on projects is only start of the journey, as it is expected that the level of integration of data, and the use of BIM will increase as it is adopted more widely across industry. Initially BIM has been taken up by larger organisations, but it is not until level 2 is adopted by smaller architects practices and individual building contractors that the benefits will be fully realised. This will also be reflected in the types of projects that will use BIM – from larger public procured projects to the private sector.
Level 3 BIM
Now is also beginning the move from BIM level 2, to level 3, the next stage in the continued development of the construction industry into the digital world. It is not, as the name suggests, a “level” or “step” but a continuing expansion of our use of BIM and its prominence in the way we work. The BIM model shows this as a slope, progressing from one to the other, as more information and better integrated models are developed. To achieve Level 3 BIM the model will be fully integrated and interoperable, and has the potential to lessen the risk throughout the course of the project and to increase profit through a collaborative process.
The UK is currently leading the field with the adoption of BIM and the government’s support for this, but it is not just this country that is developing BIM solutions and standards. The use of BIM is increasingly being implemented across Europe and we would expect European standards to be developed for this in the future. International projects are also specifying the use BIM.
Some examples of how other countries use BIM include:
- France – Ministry for Dwellings and Territories announced a plan in March 2014 for 500,000 BIM-developed houses to be built by 2017. BIM in use by major contractors and consultants. It has been identified as crucial for major schemes.
- Germany – The reform commission by Federal Ministry of Construction is seeking solutions to address cost and schedule overruns in large projects (e.g. Berlin Airport, Stuttgart 21, Elbphilharrmonie). A BIM Task Group was assembled to develop a strategy/delivery and mandated BIM in large projects (e.g. Bamburg – UNESCO World Heritage site. This site needed transport links and used BIM to model the city and show the impacts of the new proposals, such as noise, which helped retain UNESCO status).
- Nordics and Benelux – Public Sector BIM standards and/or requirements are in place in Norway, Denmark, Finland, Sweden and Holland. Research is being undertaken by Swedish and Dutch Road Authorities on BIM for Road Projects. The use of BIM is very infrastructure focused.
- Holland – BIM was used in Project iNFRANEA “Room for River Wall” Nijmegen, which is part of a huge project to change the course of >30 rivers to prevent future flooding. This includes moving the Waal dike in Lent and dredging an ancillary channel in the flood plains. Possibly something the UK should look into after the 2013 floods.
- Middle East – Dubai Municipality has mandated the use of BIM for Architectural and MEP services for all buildings ≥40 stories, facilities/buildings ≥25,000m², all projects by an international party, all hospitals, universities and similar buildings.
- North America – BIM ambition within the US Federal Government since 2003. American Society of Civil Engineers proposed in 2009 that all road projects to be built in BIM. Few national BIM strategies except military. BIM for FM is increasingly important. COBie started in the USA.
- South America (Brazil, Panama and Mexico) – National Department for Transport Infrastructure is embracing BIM (they expect 30% time saving, major road schemes BR-040 937km and dBR-116 817km are expected to adopt BIM. In a 2012 study Brazil was 3rd in number of academic papers published around BIM (behind US and Sweden). Panama – New Locks Project adopted BIM from start. New Mexico City Airport will also require BIM.
So BIM is definitely going to be a major part of the construction industry in the future across the world and not something we would recommend you ignore. We hope that this series has given you a brief introduction to what BIM is and why it is important.