Why landlords should apply for Green Homes Grants

17 September 2020 Kingspan Insulation UK

When you’re leasing properties there is rarely a good time to undertake major refurbishment work. Any improvements made whilst a property is vacant will usually prevent it being let, whilst changes to occupied properties require careful negotiation with tenants. Despite this, the introduction of the Minimum Energy Efficiency Standards (MEES) means that many landlords will have already needed to raise the energy efficiency of their properties and more work will be required in the coming years. The Green Homes Grant offers a great opportunity for landlords in England to get ahead of future changes to MEES.

What are the Minimum Energy Efficiency Standards (MEES)?

MEES were first introduced in 2018. They set the minimum energy performance certificate (EPC) rating which rental properties in England and Wales have to achieve in order to be lettable. Since the update on April 1st 2020, they apply to existing tenancies as well as new tenancies and renewals of tenancies. 

Learn more about EPCs.


What is the minimum EPC for rental homes in England?

All domestic rental properties which are required to have an EPC (subject to certain exemptions) must achieve a rating of E or better. 

What should I do if my rental property has an EPC of F or G?

Assuming the property is not covered by an exemption then it is currently in breach of MEES and it is important to act immediately to address its performance. The property must first be assessed to identify the “relevant energy efficiency improvements” that can be made. These can be identified via:
•    an energy efficiency recommendations report (typically accompanying a valid EPC);
•    a report by a surveyor; or
•    a Green Deal Advice Report. 

In practice, these may include fitting a variety of improvements such as insulation, double glazing, more efficient heating sources (including boilers and heat pumps) and renewable technologies. 

You are required to invest up to £3,500 on these improvements. If it is not possible to achieve a rating of E even after these improvements are made, then you must still introduce them and then apply for an ‘All Improvements Made’ exemption via the PRS Exemptions Register.


What is the penalty for non-compliance with MEES?

Landlords found to be in breach of MEES can be fined up to £5,000 per property. The standards are enforced by local authorities and they can be applied up to 18 months after the breach was found. 


How can a Green Homes Grant help to improve EPC ratings?

With a Green Homes Grant, you can apply for up to £5000 towards the cost of improvements to domestic properties, including rentals. This will cover up to two thirds of the total cost of any improvements. You can find out more about how the Green Home Grants scheme works and other common questions in this blog.  


Are landlords eligible for a Green Homes Grant?

Private and social residential landloards can apply for a Green Homes Grant.
If you are applying, you will need to provide:

  • proof that your propety meets the MEES requirements; or
  • proof of an exemption from MEES.

You should also bear in mind that a Green Homes Grant will count toward your total de minimis state aid which is capped at €200,000 per three years. You must check you do not exceed this threshold by applying.  


Why should landloards apply for a Green Homes Grant?

Whilst it is not possible for landlords who do not have an exemption to use a grant to meet current MEES requirements, they can use them to get ahead of future changes.

In its consultation on non-domestic private rented properties, the Government stated its preferred option was for all these properties to achieve an EPC of at least a B by 1st April 2030. A consultation on domestic properties is expected soon with the government committed to raising as many homes as possible to an EPC of C by 2030. As such, it can be expected that the MEES requirement for domestic properties will be changed to at least a C by the end of the decade.

If you’re already investing in refurbishments of any kind to a property with an EPC of E or D, it is a good idea to consider if any energy efficiency improvements could also be introduced to raise the EPC of the property now and avoid further disruption and remedial work in the future.

Additionally, it may make sense for landlords whose properties are currently covered by an exemption to take advantage of the Green Homes Grant scheme now to avoid potential issues should these exemptions change in the future.


Can energy efficiency improvements increase rental value?

A recent government study has shown that raising the EPC rating of a property can lead to a small but significant increase in rentable value.


Is there a limit to the number of properties I can apply for?

Whilst it is possible to apply for changes to more than one property, there is expected to be a cap on the total number. This should be confirmed shortly.


How can I get the best value from a Green Homes Grant?

In order to get the best value from any energy efficiency retrofits, it is important that measures are introduced as part of a ‘whole house approach’. This means getting an expert to carefully assess the property and develop a clear medium-term plan for improvements, ensuring they are relevant to the specifics of each property.  These improvements should also be carefully scheduled to avoid complications and unnecessary additional costs. For example, improvements to the building insulation and draught proofing should typically be made before fitting a new boiler or heat pump as these will reduce the home’s overall demand and may allow cheaper units to be fitted. You can read more about the whole house approach and the new Retrofit Standards Framework which underpins it here

Learn more about how to get best value from a Green Homes Grant.

What is the deadline for applications?

Whilst the scheme is set to run until the end of March 2022, grants are being awarded on a first come first served basis. Once the initial pot is spent there is no guarantee of further finance, so it is important to move quickly.

Need more information?
If you have any questions about the scheme or how your property might benefit from retrofitting insulation, get in touch with our dedicated Green Homes Grant team using the form below or the following contact details: greenhomesgrant@kingspaninsulation.co.uk or call 01544 387 883.