Large-Scale System Testing

Why is large-scale testing imperative to predict fire performance?

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In the same way that the wheels of a car would not be tested alone in order to assess the performance of the entire car, the fire performance of a cladding system cannot be predicted based on a fire safety check of any any one component in isolation.

In reality, the fire resistance performance of a façade system depends on the interaction of all the components (including fixings, fasteners and sealants) in that system in response to a fire, and also on other design and construction factors such as the position of fire barriers, the size of ventilation gaps and more.

We believe that for buildings with a storey over 18m and/or with public occupancy, large-scale fire safety system checks should underpin compliance for all façade systems regardless of insulation type.

Why do some façade systems only require small-scale fire safety testing?

One route to compliance, which is underpinned by small-scale testing, involves meeting the guidance set out in the NCC.


Non-combustilibility and limited combustibility are both determined by small, bench-scale tests where small samples of materials are tested in isolation, unlike BS 8414 and the AS5113 which tests materials within full wall system assemblies. 

Learn more below.

KIP AUS Fire Regulations Spread 1

Download our Fire Regulations Brochure

Download this reference document for guidance on Fire Engineered Systems and Australia Building Code Compliance

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